According to the website “World Population review” the population of Japan has declined from 128,056,026 person in 2010, to 126,981,371 person in 2014.(1) It is also added that the population of japan is mostly ethnic Japanese people because of the small number of foreign workers living there. In the website it is stated that “Japan is the worlds oldest country” and from looking at the data provided by the website such as “In 50 years, it’s estimated by the government that 40% of Japan’s population will be over65″(1) it is clearly shown that Japan is getting older. What also proves this statement is the picture shown below, which shows the population pyramid of Japan in 1950, 2005, and what is predicted to be in 2055. The data in this picture is collected by The National Institute of Population and Social Security Research.
As it is shown in the picture, Japan used to have an expansive pyramid in 1950 which is described as longer bars in the bottom (which represents young people)and bars get shorter going to the top (which represents older people). (P321) But it is noticed that the population pyramid of Japan is turning into a constructive pyramid in the year 2005. A constructive pyramid means that most of the population are middle-aged because the bars in the middle are relatively longer than the ones in the bottom and the top (young people and old people).(p321-322) There are many reasons why the Japanese population is decreasing such as, natural disasters (mostly Earthquakes and Tsunamis), the increasing number of young people committing suicide or being killed by gangs, as well as “the inequality in the birth and death rates, and most importantly the low fertility rates among women due to the high cost of raising children in the country “(1).